irish emigration records to south africa

irish emigration records to south africa

Before long Blake had left the Irish commando altogether to fight elsewhere and for the last two months of its existence, MacBride was in sole command. The Cape Town Irish Rifles may be said to represent the first predecessor of the South African Irish Regiment, in so far as it was the first indigenous South African unit with a distinct ethnic Irish component. If you have an ancestor who emigrated to another country youcould look for immigration records in the country of their arrival.These are usually held by the national archives or equivalentorganisation in that country. The South African Irish, with its sister units, the 2 Botha and 3 Transvaal Scottish, together with the Transvaal Horse Artillery, was enmeshed in the defeat at Sidi Rezegh on 23 November 1941, when the German panzers overwhelmed 5 Brigade and 'plunged straight into Egypt.' The helmet plate of the regiment is a magnificent specimen and closely resembles that of the Connaught Rangers who were contemporary. Excluding the Irish administrators who could be found in any part of the British Empire, there were several professions and trades in South Africa which attracted the Irish. Though part of middle-class society in the colonies, they retained their attachment to Ireland There were the Irish Catholic priests, led initially by the Wexford-born Bishop Griffith, and especially strong in Eastern Cape. In February 1942 the South African Irish and 3 Transvaal Scottish ceased to exist as independent infantry units and the remnants were drafted either to the Regiment Botha or to the South African Artillery. Soon the Irish lads were safe, but bored, in the mountains of the nearby Biggarsberg. On Wednesday 11 October, in a severe thunderstorm, the brigade crossed into British territory. Driscoll, DSO, commander of Driscoll's Scouts during the Anglo-Boer War 1899-1902. A service provided by, https://www.familysearch.org/wiki/en/index.php?title=Finding_an_Irish_Ancestor_Using_South_African_Records&oldid=2779854, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Twomey, son of Major George Twomey commanded the Regiment between 1956 and 1965 and became Honorary Colonel in 1977. Born - Lived in Limerick/Clare? While many Irish settled in the city, a large proportion subsequently re-emigrated to North America. They either loved fighting, hated the British, or had high hopes of future rewards from their employers (and frequently all these motives were present at once). DEPOT KAB The number rose to 1,107 by 1930; 651 Norwegians lived in South Africa and 147 in Madagascar. The Irish fought at the battles of Diamond Hill on 12 June and Dalmanutha on 27 August, but most of the time they harassed the British advance, most notably when they held the town of Belfast for several hours under heavy fire. In November the long-awaited invasion of Libya and the relief of Tobruk was scheduled. Tempers frayed. Online records. The Force landed at Walvis Bay on the morning of 25 December 1914 and was immediately in action. It is of interest to note that the appellation 'Sportsmen's Battalion' was largely due to the influence of Maj Twomey, who was extremely active in South African sport and prominent in the South African Amateur Boxing Association, the South African Athletics Association, and the South African Olympic Games Association. Nineteenth century South Africa did not attract mass Irish immigration, but Irish communities are to be found in Cape Town, Port Elizabeth, Kimberley, and Johannesburg, with smaller communities in Pretoria, Barberton, Durban and East London. The originals of records dated between 1854 and 1917 have been destroyed. TYPE LEER. These relay Dragoons protected their houses from runaway slaves and their cattle from beasts of prey. '(4), Hence, the 27th Regiment laid the foundations of the British colony in Natal. There were two sets of fathers and sons. As there was no intention at that time to establish additional Active Citizen Force infantry battalions, the request for the re-establishment of the South African Irish in the form of an infantry regiment was refused. South Africa, City and Area Directories, 1813-1962. Farmers trusted them to such a degree that they would leave their houses and cattle in their charge whilst they set out with their produce for Cape Town. But not all the Irish brigaders had left. On 1 January 1960, the Regiment reverted to its original infantry role and regained its old title, 'The South African Irish Regiment.' The Regimental march was 'The County Down Militia 'but it has now been changed to 'Killaloe'. Immigration records in South Africa are not as difficult to find as one would think. A third of the Cape's governors were Irish, as were many of the judges and politicians. This was one of a handful of foreign commandos raised to support the Transvaal and its sister republic, the Orange Free State. Despite the attraction of the new brigade, some Irish, in the words of the Irish pro-Boer campaigner Michael Davitt, ‘have the good sense to remain with their Boer officers’. This date, however, is disputed and it would appear that the claim to have been established on 9 September 1914 is recognized as valid. Emigration is not only effecting the current skill pool in the country, but … The first South African unit with a truly Irish background was the Cape Town Irish Rifles, raised by Maj O'Reilly in 1885. As a further memento of the time when the Regiment was an Artillery unit, Sam Browne belts were not worn for walking out.(9). A campaign there against recruitment to the British army met with some success. The nineteenth-century Irish emigration to Argentina has been studied from different perspectives. These included Celtic Literary Society members John MacBride and Arthur Griffith. Maj Twomey naturally attracted to the South African Irish many prominent sportsmen from Johannesburg and elsewhere. On 6 October 1899, the Irish Transvaal Brigade mobilised and boarded trains for the Transvaal-Natal frontier. The New Australian Convict Records are online! This unit was later engaged in the operations at Brandfort and in the surrounding regions. Most of our online records in this subject area are documents listing individual … Free Ships' Passenger lists, orphan records, almshouse records, JJ Cooke Shipping Lists, Irish Famine immigrants, family surnames, church records, military muster rolls, census records, land records and more are free to help you find your brick-wall ancestor. Steve Morse. One will search Ireland in vain to find a counterpart: a memorial to those Irish soldiers who died fighting in the two Irish commandos in the Boer army. Look for clues pointing to a place of origin in Ireland. With the close of the SWA Campaign Active Citizen Force regiments were not permitted to proceed, as such, to other theatres of war. But lucky as ever, and much to the regret of many of MacBride’s men, Lynch escaped the hangman’s noose and was eventually pardoned. And he was correct. They were Maj George Twomey, Capt J. Jeoffreys, and a Capt MacDonald. Emigration: The costs of leaving South Africa . MacBride was in overall command. In 1949 the affiliation between the two Regiments was announced. 27 Little is known of the Irish National Foresters in South Africa. During the Zulu War of 1879, the 88th Regiment of Foot (Connaught Rangers) was involved, whilst the 94th Regiment of Foot (later 2 Bn Connaught Rangers) served in the First South African War of Independence of 1880-1881. A cat-and-mouse game with the British cavalry began—with the Irish as the mouse. There were the retailers, their profession dominated by Ulster Protestant-owned chain stores such as John Orr , William Cuthbert and R. H. Henderson - well-known names even today. Then Maud Gonne had involved herself in intrigues with the Boer representative in Europe, unaware that he was already in cahoots with the IRB. Indeed, it was said to be the one Foreign Corps in the general confusion of the time that achieved some distinction. The roll of Irish regiments who participated in the South African War is almost a complete embodiment of the Irish contribution to the British military establishment. Welcome to Geni, home of the world's largest family tree. Here MacBride had his horse shot from under him, but the major survived. DEATH NOTICE - South African Irish Officers in Pretoria 1914. '(2) They carried out field and garrison duties and had as a companion Irish unit the 8th Dragoons (Kings Royal Irish Dragoons, later the 8th Kings Royal Irish Hussars). On Saturday, 29 January 1921, at Milner Park, Johannesburg, the South African Irish Regiment was presented with the King's Colour by Prince Arthur of Connaught, the (then) Governor-General of the Union of South Africa, in recognition of its service in German South West Africa. Hence, the unit was in action three months after it was raised. Presentation photograph to Mrs Louis Botha, Honorary Colonel of the Regiment. Indeed, they provided its first Magistrate, Capt Durnford, and many years afterwards supplied the Governor, Col MacLean. Records were not required for free emigrants to the United States until 1776; Canada before 1865; or Australia, New Zealand, and South Africa … Soon the Irish commando was ensconced on Pepworth Hill overlooking the besieged garrison town of Ladysmith, where there were members of the Irish Fusiliers, the Irish Regiment, the 5th Royal Irish Lancers and some of the Dublin Fusiliers, all of whom were very eager to get their hands on the ‘flying Fenians’ of MacBride’s Brigade. Search Naturalization records here. Somerset, MC, and, together with 2 Botha Regiment and 3 Transvaal Scottish, formed 5 South African Infantry Brigade. But the game was up and by mid-September 1900 MacBride could hardly control his men as they moved over the great escarpment and down into the hot and humid lowveld. In 1961, following the institution of the Republic, the crown was removed from the badge. The Irish Road to South America Nineteenth-Century Travel Patterns from Ireland to the River Plate. There have been many historical books and thesis that have been written but there is no one entire collection or database of Irish people who came to South Africa. It was denounced by one member of MacBride’s outfit as ‘fifty or sixty soreheads, greasers, half-breeds and dagos…a gang of hobos’. At the end of World War 2, in view of the resurrection of Active Citizen Force units, Col Cullinan requested that the Regiment be reformed as an infantry unit. Regrettably, there is very little information available concerning the Cape Town Irish Rifles specifically, but it is hoped that further research will produce additional information. Lt.Col. Until the end of November the survivors served with New Zealand forces; after this date, they rejoined the decimated Brigade at Mersa Matruh. Traditions and Curios of the South African Irish Regiment, Upon the re-formation of the Regiment in 1939, a Pipe Band was raised, under Pipe Major Foster, remaining with the Regiment until 1949, after which it became the South African Irish Regimental Association Pipe Band. Norwegian South Africans are South African citizens of Norwegian ancestry. By resisting the British advance for over an hour it gained valuable time for the remainder of the force engaged. When peace came in May 1902, most of the Irish had little choice but to make their way to Europe or America, where MacBride’s men had preceded them. The South African Irish Regiment was a unit within 4 South African Infantry Brigade in Col Skinner's Northern Force and embarked from Cape Town on 21 December 1914. Ⓒ 2020 by Intellectual Reserve, Inc. All rights reserved. Place names such as Upington, Porteville, Caledon, Cradock, sir Henry Lowry's Pass, the Biggarsberg Mountains, Donnybrook and Belfast reflect Irish impact on the development of the subcontinent. HONORARY COLONELS, COMMANDING OFFICERS AND REGIMENTAL SERGEANT MAJORS Honorary Colonels. The Irish commando was in the van of the Boer army when the town of Newcastle was occupied and looted. In common with the other foreign corps serving with the Boers, the Irish Brigade adopted Boer tactics. After concentrating at Gilgil in Kenya, the South African Irish took part in the invasion of Southern Abyssinia (1 February 1941) and distinguished itself at El Gumu, Hobok, and Banno early in February 1941. Between the accession of Queen Elizabeth II(1952) and the institution of the Republic, the St Edward's Crown was worn by Majors and Warrant Officers on the shoulder straps and sleeves. However, a green shamrock cloth patch was worn on the left-hand side of the hat or helmet. Although the first record of British Army units serving in South Africa cites the 78th Regiment of Foot (later 2 Bn Gordon Highlanders), who were landed at Simons Bay on 10 June 1795, the Irish were not far behind. The original motto of the Regiment in 1914 was that of the Royal Irish Rifles (later the Royal Ulster Rifles), 'QUIS SEPARABIT?') Issued at first with single-shot Martini rifles, soon most of the Irish commando had acquired captured Lee Enfield and Lee Metford rifles. Top tips for searching the Ellis Island immigration records database. Maj C. McN. Also by then, reports of Michael Davitt’s much-publicised visit to the Boer front lines had appeared in the Freeman’s Journal. At the end of August, a number of members of the unit were granted leave to South Africa, their places being filled by reinforcements from other units; e.g., 2 Witwatersrand Rifles. For Irish immigrants, ... 1840, 1841, 1842 and 1855. Others, however, were determined not to vacate the town without a struggle and one of the fiercest firefights was in Orange Grove as the British army pressed the retreating Irish from street to street. An Irish Regiment leaving Johannesburg Aug/Sept 1914, Irish Regiments in the British Army Serving in South Africa, All the regular units of Irish origin in the British Army have served for a period of time in South Africa. Back in Ireland, of course, it had always been ‘MacBride’s Brigade’ in any case. South Africa is losing skills. A group of officers who returned to Mersa Matruh after the battle of Sidi Rezegh. Irish settlers to the Cape : history of the Clanwilliam 1820 settlers from Cork Harbour: Cape Town A. At the top of Dublin’s Grafton Street, at the corner of Stephen’s Green, stands a handsome triumphal arch—still referred to by some locals as ‘traitors’ gate’—which commemorates the ‘officers, non-commissioned officers and men’ of the Royal Dublin Fusiliers who fell in the second Anglo-Boer war (1899-1902). After some time at Amirya, the unit proceeded to Mersa Matruh on 23 May and remained in the vicinity until October. But still, they fought on, now under the overall command of General Viljoen. The badge was produced locally and worn on the cloth patch, and also as collar badges, this comprised a brass shamrock upon which was stamped 'S.A. (1) The 86th Regiment of Foot (later 2 Bn Royal Irish Rifles, to be reconstituted as the Royal Ulster Rifles, who were to be affiliated to the South African Irish Regiment after World War 2) arrived at the Cape on 22 September 1795, one week after the Dutch surrender. In one particular action at Wepener, in which Driscoll's Scouts assisted the Cape Mounted Riflemen, the Scouts had an adventurous and hazardous ride across open ground from their bivouac, being exposed to the concentrated fire of two Maxim machine guns, a pom-pom, small arms fire and, at the end, to a barrage of shells from a field gun, during their entire four kilometre ride. The publication of Blake’s war memoir, Davitt’s The Boer Fight for Freedom, and later of a series of thirteen articles by MacBride in the Freeman’s Journal kept this memory alive. Each index and source covers a different time period. The 27th Regiment of Foot discussed earlier, reappears during the Basuto War of the mid-1880s, together with the 6th Inniskilling Dragoons. When the British army was mopping up after the insurrection, they found rifles with Boer carvings on their butts. Emigration also increased during gold rushes in Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, and the United States. Links to Web pages of Interest. Driscoll, who had previously served in Burma during the earlier part of the Anglo-Boer War and who decided to come to South Africa with the specific intention of forming an Irish unit. Ahead lay the colony of Natal with its Irish governor, its Irish prime minister and several Irish regiments of the British army. This collection includes church records from South Africa. A third of the Cape's governors were Irish, as were many of the judges and politicians. But MacBride had enemies and when news reached camp that a second and rival Irish Transvaal Brigade was being formed in Johannesburg by a newly arrived Irish-Australian called Arthur Lynch, some members of the original Irish commando went over to the new unit. '(3), At a later point in South African history, the 27th Regiment of Foot (later 1 Bn Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers) was involved in the campaign on the Eastern Cape frontier in 1835. By Edmundo Murray. Nineteenth century South Africa did not attract mass Irish immigration, but Irish communities are to be found in Cape Town, Port Elizabeth, Kimberley, and Johannesburg, with smaller communities in Pretoria, Barberton, Durban and East London. This website is a free site that contains a large number of emigration records from various ports in Ireland and Canada. He also won the first road race between Johannesburg and Pretoria. In 1891 the unit was absorbed into the Duke of Edinburgh's Own Volunteer Rifles as 'H' (Irish) Company. Those echoes may be defined in terms of tenacity and daring, which nobody could deny to the South African Irish. Volumes Description Period. This is a brand new project of immigrants arriving in South Australia, mostly under United Kingdom assisted passage schemes, 1847-1886. Accusations that they were more fond of the bottle than the battle are false: they were fond of both. At the outbreak of World War 1 in August 1914 three officers met at the Irish Club in Johannesburg with a view to raising an Irish regiment from among the citizens of Johannesburg and its environs. some links lead to articles about immigration. He was rewarded by promotion and received a testimonial expressing 'appreciation of his indomitable bravery in maintaining his post at Port Natal. Irish-American history to 1845 Irish immigration to America, 1846 to the early 20th century. Reference to the organisation occasionally appeared in the Argus Annual and South African Directory. Maj Twomey became a double Company Commander with 9 Battalion. Finding an Irish Ancestor Using South African Records, Irish Settlement and Identity in South Africa before 1910, the South African National Museum of Military History, Sir John Francis Cook, Irish Cape Governor. Search each of the Websites and sources listed under the state(s) where your ancester lived. At the battle of Modderspruit, the Irish commando lost several men, including the eighteen-year-old Tommy Oates from Killarney, whose father was also in the unit. In April 1940 the regiment, under Lt Col J.A. Reports of a son born in the Transvaal to MacBride would emerge only eighty years later. Ships Passenger Lists to South Africa 1900-present RMS Saxon from Southampton, England, to Madeira, Cape Town, Algoa Bay, East London and Natal, on July 29, 1905 WW1 Memorial Card Ivy & Freda REEVES Victims on board Galway Castle, England to S. Africa 1918 Choose from the following indexes of passenger lists of ships sailing to South Africa Here they faced Lord Roberts’ army of 45,000 men. Outgoing passenger lists (1890-1960) Both the Cape Colony and the colony of Natal had Irish prime ministers: Sir Thomas Upington , "The Afrikaner from Cork"; and Sir Albert Hime , from Kilcoole in County Wicklow. Towards the end of the War Lynch's section was in action in the Barberton and neighbouring regions. Other formations, such as Militia, Volunteers and Yeomanry have also seen service in South Africa either as units or as reinforcements for the regular forces, especially during the Anglo-Boer War of 1899-1902. SOURCE MOOC WELKOM CUZZINS! DECORATIONS AND AWARDS OF THE SOUTH AFRICAN IRISH REGIMENT AND ITS PREDECESSORS. In 1939 the First South African Irish Regiment was reformed through the efforts of Maj Twomey, Capt Jeoffreys and Capt Cullinan (son of Sir Thomas Cullinan, of diamond fame). It is as well they did not fight alongside each other. ." The visit to Ireland in April 1900 of Queen Victoria had for a while dampened the Irish pro-Boer cause, but by mid-summer, the Boer colours were to be seen all over Dublin. The story of the Neptune and the standoff was a pivotal moment in the history of South Africa, and that of the Famine Irish. Elements of the Irish Guards were to participate in the latter phases of the Anglo-Boer War, as components of a composite Guards Mounted Infantry unit. (ORIENTAL - 1841 M... ----------------------------------------------------------------- War service units were created for East Africa and Europe, and the South African Irish Regiment was formed, together with elements from other units, into the composite 9 South African Infantry ('Sportsmen's') Battalion. Driscoll's Scouts also took part in the final operations directed against Gen de la Rey in the Western Transvaal. Throughout the war, great animosity existed between the Irish who opposed each other from either side. According to Military Archives, the date of the formation of the unit is 1 December 1914. Such a unit was formed in June 1946 and operated until 31 December 1959 as an artillery regiment, its members (drawn from ballots residing in Johannesburg) wearing the gunners' insignia. Divided into two sections of 100 men each, led by Cols Blake and Lynch, it comprised mainly Irish Americans, whose motives varied widely. South Africa had not witnessed mass Irish immigration, nonetheless, in the mid-1890s, Dublin Castle officials noticed that numbers of advanced Irish nationalists were making for the unsettled South African, or Transvaal, Republic. Join Geni to explore your genealogy and family history in the World's Largest Family Tree. MacBride and Blake took their unit to Johannesburg, where they were joined by fifty-eight members of an Irish-American ‘ambulance corps’ from Chicago and New York. This was motivated by the losses suffered by Irish units within the British Army during the early battles of the War. Ireland Ireland Emigration and Immigration Finding an Irish Ancestor Using South African Records. This page has been viewed 5,234 times (0 via redirect). There were the professional men: the lawyers, dentists and doctors. Though there were seven American doctors among them, the rest of the men under Captain O’Connor flagrantly used their Red Cross accreditation to get out of America to Africa to fight for the Boers. The regimental mascot was, predictably, an Irish terrier. South Africans' Geni Landing Site. Perhaps because of this they were initially assigned to accompany and guard one of the great French Creusot fortress guns, or ‘Long Toms’, of Commandant Trichardt’s Transvaal State Artillery. 1850-1890 Passengers arriving in South African Ports- by the The Genealogical Society of South Africa There had also been a certain amount of dissension in Irish ranks. Irish Immigrants to South Africa has been a neglected sector of the South Africa population and for many years I have had an immense interest in Irish Immigration to South Africa. The casualties of the South African Irish were heavy, and included among its number the OC, Lt Col Dobbs; only 140 men escaped the disaster. Officers of the Irish Brigade outside Ladysmith in 1899. But the British advance was not halted and on 23 May 1900 the Irish brigade crossed the Vaal River and entered the Transvaal. Twomey, SM, JCD, commanded the unit for many years and later became its Honorary Colonel. 28 Standard and Diggers’ News, 28 Sept. 1899. As one would expect, a fair number of those in British colonial service in the sub-continent were Irish. South Africa 1869-1889 nla.pic-an20886593-46 National Library of Australia. Please enable JavaScript in your browser's settings to use this part of Geni. Secondly, one notes the chameleon-like character of the Regiment, changing from an infantry to an artillery unit, and then reconverting to an infantry unit once again. Nineteenth-century South Africa did not attract mass Irish migration, but Irish communities were to be found in Cape town, port Elizabeth, Kimberley, and Johannesburg, with smaller communities in Pretoria, Barberton, Durban and East London. 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