By the time he started school, he had lived in five places in two states. Th… Tezcatlipoca, the Shadow God, is the Aztec god of darkness and a powerful enemy of Wonder Woman and the heroes called Aztek. Tezcatlipoca’s cult was brought to central Mexico by the Toltecs, Nahua-speaking warriors from the north, about the end of the 10th century ad. Quetzalcoatl guided people to prosperity as a virtuous deity, but was eventually vanquished by the god Tezcatlipoca and disappeared from Aztec. As we fleetingly mentioned in the earlier entry (referring to the Olmec depiction of the serpent god), the cult of the serpent in Mesoamerica predates the Aztecs by almost 2,000-years. (Read and Gonzalez 223) This version of the creation myth would play an important role in culture contact with the European… In the twist of irony, such ties with the foreigners rather bolstered their autonomy as native powers, thereby allowing for the preservation of indigenous traditions related to Quetzalcoatl for centuries to come. Tezcatlipoca was sometimes cast as the supernatural antagonist of Quetzalcoatl, the deity associated with cultural creativity, urban order, and priestly wisdom. Upon retirement he went back to New England as a Quality Assurance Manager in electronics manufacturing before he was moved to Production Manager for the company’s Mexico operations. However, this connection of Quetzalcoatl-Cortés is not really found in any native document that is devoid of the post-Conquest Spanish influence. While Quetzalcoatl was considered to be more gentle in nature, Tezcatlipoca was supposedly more war-like. TEZCATLIPOCA ("the smoking mirror") was one of the four Aztec creator gods who arranged the universe and set the cosmic ages in motion through periodic celestial battles. See more ideas about aztec art, feathered serpent, mayan art. Another legacy, possibly borrowed from the earlier Toltecs, made Quetzalcoatl the patron god of priests, thus alluding to the symbol of death and resurrection. Xiuhcoatl: O Flame, Burn the Gods Themselves: The second coming of the flames Quetzalcoatl used to burn down her temple to keep its priceless artifacts out of the hands of the evil god Tezcatlipoca. Waking up next morning, the remorseful Quetzalcoatl willingly sets himself on fire (thereby sacrificing himself), and consequently his ashes and heart rise up to the sky to transform into the radiant morning star (Tlahuizcalpantecuhtli or aspect of Venus). In addition to his shapeshifting ability, Tezcatlipoca also appeared as several different gods who wer… The inebriated god then goes on to flirt with his own sister – the celibate Quetzalpetlatl, thereby hinting at some form of incest. 2014. Tezcatlipoca tricked Quetzalcoatl by getting him drunk and then holding up a mirror that showed Tezcatlipoca's cruel face. He parted with the university and moved to Whidbey Island, Washington where he was introduced to Manzanillo, Mexico. That is to say, it was both good and evil, funny and sad, positive and negative and you get the idea. The confederacy was known for both coveting and maintaining a major pilgrimage center at Cholula – the city dedicated to the worship of Quetzalcoatl. Find this month’s issue of the magazine and archives of all past magazines at this link (to download) or view it online as a flipping magazine on ISSUU. Ultimately during the Fifth Sun, Quetzalcoatl was successfully able to retrieve the human bones from the underworld Mictlan (guarded by the realm’s ruler – Mictlantecuhtli) that were infused with his own blood and corn to once again ‘regenerate’ mankind. More elaborate depictions of the ‘feathered’ serpent version are found at the six-tiered pyramid built in the god’s honor at Teotihuacan, dating from circa 3rd century AD. According to Niang-Niang, the Magic God Tezcatlipoca was created to combat the Spanish conquistadores. For most things, Quetzalcoatl endorses communication and prosperity with a smiling face, saying that “it is wonderful everybody’s fineee, so this elder sister is happy!”, but she becomes displeased when talking about alcohol and Tezcatlipoca. 1 Capabilities 2 Deities 2.1 Major Deities 2.2 Other Deities 2.3 Folk Saint Deities 3 Associations 4 Known Users 4.1 Anime/Manga 4.2 Television 4.3 Cartoons/Comics 4.4 Video Games 5 Gallery The user can have the traits and abilities of Aztec Gods and Goddesses. By Kirby Vickery from the September 2016 Edition. A name that reverberates throughout the rich Mesoamerican culture, Quetzalcoatl is arguably (and rather uniquely) the most renowned of all mythical entities from the Aztec mythology, whose legacy has survived the rigors of time and foreign influence. However, it should be noted that officially the Mormon Church doesn’t endorse such a perspective, with one noted Mormon author categorizing this peculiar association as folklore. His history reads like a road atlas. Tata and Nena noticed that the waters were loaded with fish and were not only happy to be alive but were very hungry and they got out of their tree trunk canoe, caught a bunch of fish and started to eat them. Interestingly enough, the duality of Quetzalcoatl and his brother Tezcatlipoca mirrors the mythical narrative of light and darkness. In the fourth Sun, the gods got to fighting each other again and Tlaloc decided to end the world. Tezcatlipoca es considerado como el señor de las batallas y el que decide la vida o la muerte, pero también es fuente de todo poder y felicidad, además de ser quien juzgaba a qué tipo de pruebas debían de enfrentar los muertos para ser dignos de ingresar al reino de los muertos, conocido como Mictlan. In one version of the Aztec creation account  the myth of the Five Suns, The first creation, "The sun of the Earth" was ruled by Tezcatlipoca but destroyed by Quetzalcoatl when he struck down Tezcatlipoca who then transformed into a jaguar. There was an ice dam in the western United States that let go and released enough water to flood almost the entire western states just east of the Rockies. Quite incredibly, the ‘human’ nature of Quetzalcoatl influenced the later Toltec rulers, so much so that they might have even venerated and equated Quetzalcoatl to a king. By Kirby Vickery from the September 2016 Edition. As with biblical and other sourced myths, the Aztecs had their own version of these stories. One must also understand that these stories changed through time to allow for political gain, weather changes, major battles or wars that went wrong, and/or the whims of the priest class to ensure they stayed in power, etc. This person deeply regrets that she was defeated in the battle with Tezcatlipoca, while simultaneously, she feels a lot of resentment as a result. Well, according some scholars, the snake in its most basic form in Mesoamerican culture might have represented the earth and the vegetation. In some myths, Quetzalcoatl grows a beard and goes on to wear a white mask, thereby hinting at his erroneous representation as a white-bearded god. Follow 4160. Being both male and female he, she, or it was able to have children and he, she, or it had four which ended up representing the four directions of the compass. It was there that he started to publish his monthly article for the Manzanillo Sun. One Aztec story claims that Quetzalcoatl was seduced by Tezcatlipoca into becoming drunk and sleeping with a celibate priestess (in some accounts, his sister Quetzalpetlatl) and then burned himself to death out of remorse. In some myths, Quetzalcoatl grows a beard and goes on to wear a white mask, thereby hinting at his erroneous representation as a white-bearded god. With each victory a world age is ended; Tezcatlipoca’svictories signify the end of the second and fourth suns, so that Quetzalcoatl may return at the end of the fifth and final sun to triumph at the ending of the world. How to say Tezcatlipoca in English? In their mythology, Tezcatlipoca wins over Quetzalcoatl. 2016 Kirby Vickery September 2016. As he understand it, they we were passing through. Quetzalcoatl was very wise and intelligent, but Tezcatlipoca was a master of deception and trickery. It reflects the basic Aztec world-view, which holds that chaos and entropy will ultimately win over order and civilization. To that end, dating from circa 700 – 900 AD, there are a few representations of Quetzalcoatl, especially from the site of Xochicalco (a pre-Columbian site that was settled by Mayan traders) that are distinctly human in form. Furthermore, historians have found only scarce evidence of such a foretelling of Quetzalcoatl’s return in pre-Hispanic traditions. Turned into a jaguar and destroyed the world after he got beat up by Quetzalcoatl. My intent is also not to lesson or change or anything toward Christian beliefs as the two stories existed long before anyone from one culture knew anything about the other. In the Aztec creation myth, Quetzalcoatl and Tezcatlipoca fight violently over the creation of the world; first Quetzalcoatl defeats Tezcatlipoca, then Tezcatlipoca defeats Quetzalcoatl. Quetzalcoatl y Tezcatlipoca fueron las deidades mexicas responsables de la creación del mundo como lo conocemos para que fuera habitable por lo humanos. Quite interestingly, in some Aztec traditions, Quetzalcoatl opposes human sacrifice possibly for this very same reason – as the practice goes against the legacy of the gods defeating the bloodthirsty monster. Web. To get to the ‘Aztec myth’ of the flood, one has to understand the Aztec creation story or stories because the flooding takes place in the forth. N.p., n.d. Pronunciation of Tezcatlipoca with 1 audio pronunciation, 1 translation and more for Tezcatlipoca. In Aztec circles, Quetzalcoatl probably also symbolized one section of agricultural activities that pertained to the very renewal of vegetation, while also being linked to the morning star or Venus (sometimes referred to as the evening star, symbolized by his twin brother Xolotl). And it is this latter characterization that has been debated in the academic circles. Then there was the first and most powerful god, Ometecuhtli/Omecihuatl. Without Quetzalcoatl's influence, Tezcatlipoca was free to work his evil unhindered; many look forward to the day when Quetzalcoatl will get over himself and return. Feb 25, 2017 - Explore Diego Alvarez's board "Quetzalcoatl" on Pinterest. As for his aspect of Quetzalcoatl-Tlahuizcalpantecuhtli, the deity was portrayed with an ominous black facemask, complemented by an opulent headdress and darts representing the rays of the morning star. Quetzalcoatl earned Tezcatlipoca's resentment through his actions as a god, causing the two to battle. add yourself to the list or to unsubscribe, Find this month’s issue of the magazine and archives of all past magazines, Dialing guide for calls to and from Mexico, Guía de Restaurantes CANIRAC Manzanillo 2019, Using Canadian and US dollars in Manzanillo, A note to current and past authors and contributors, Cape Plumbago – I Planted Roots in Mexico, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Mrz8FkumZGg. Living Greyhawk Official Listing of Deities for Use in the Campaign, version 2.0. The gods Quetzalcoatl and Tezcatlipoca brought the earth goddess Tlalteuctli down from on high. So the combination of quetzalli "precious feather" and coatl "snake" has often been interpreted as signifying a serpent with the feathers of Quetzal. The question can be raised – why was the deity particularly associated with a serpent. Tezcatlipoca was one of the most important gods in the Aztec pantheon. What we have today is a plethora of creation stories for each sun depending on where you are when you hear each story or from which codex you pull your translation. There actually have been several floods in human time and before. When it stopped raining, the land started to appear again. The flames envelop the surroundings, and enemies caught in them are temporarily prevented from invoking the True Name release of their Noble Phantasms. Also needed human sacrifice. In essence, he was often venerated as an ancestor god who in the mythical narrative ‘carved out’ the lineage of various Mesoamerican groups. In some versions of the myth Quetzalcóatl and Tezcatlipoca repeatedly fight each other and as a consequence the four ages are created and destroyed with each successive battle between the two gods. Forum Posts. The Nahuatl word quetzalli means "long green feather" (Molina: ), but later came to be applied also to the bird who give these feathers: the Resplendent Quetzal. He moved to the Phoenix area and finally got his education and ended up teaching. Like we discussed before, Tezcatlipoca was associated with night and darkness, whereas his equal yet opposite Quetzalcoatl was associated with light and thus possibly referred to as the White Tezcatlipoca. Then he joined the Air Force after high school and one year of college and spent 23 years stationed in eleven or twelve places and traveled all over the place doing administrative, security, and electronic things. Variation of Transcendent Physiology. I mean, people have stated that they’ve seen the ark while the Turkish government bans other expeditions, which only enhances conspiracy theories and IMF type intrigue. Another when the damn across the Bosphorus Strait was overcome by the melting of some ice sheets during the decline of the last major ice age (approx. Unsurprisingly, many depictions of Quetzalcoatl pertain to a serpent, with the probable earliest known representation of the god found at the Olmec site of La Venta. Depending on the version of the story, Quetzalcoatl either sees himself becoming old and weak as a mortal, or sees himself turn into Tezcatlipoca. Because of their devotion to him, he gave them advance notice that he was going to flood the world. Bibliography. 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The stela, dating from some time between 1200 – 400 BC, portrays a serpent rearing its head behind a person (possibly a priest). Interestingly enough, Mixcoatl was primarily perceived as the god of hunt in the later Aztec mythology. The earth herself is the nourisher of life; but she is also the burial ground of the dead. Qualities. This allowed it to be both opposites. For example, it his aspect of Quetzalcoatl-Ehécatl, the god was depicted with a duckbill mask protruding with fangs and shell jewelry known as the ehecailacocozcatl (‘wind breastplate’). Opposing Forces The opposition between Quetzalcoatl and Tezcatlipoca is reflected in the legend of the mythical city of Tollan . Often considered as the supreme god he took on a bewildering array of names and manifestations depending on where and by whom he was worshipped. — 0. The power to have the traits and abilities of gods and goddesses from Aztec mythology. Belief in Cortés as Quetzalcoatl and the fall of Tenochtitlan In one version of the Aztec creation account the myth of the Five Suns, the first creation, "The Sun of the Earth" was ruled by Tezcatlipoca but destroyed by Quetzalcoatl when he struck down Tezcatlipoca who then transformed into a jaguar. O ne day Tezcatlipoca disguised himself as an old man and gave Quetzalcoatl a enchanted mirror. The gods were: Huitzilopochtli (south), Quetzalcoatl (east), Tezcatlipoca (west), and Xipe Tote (north). To get to the one that deals with a flood, one has to understand the Aztecs’ version of their creation first. And it is this latter characterization that has been debated in the academic circles. Since the sixteenth century, it has been widely held that the Aztec Emperor Moctezuma II initially believed the landing of Hernán Cortésin 1519 to be Quetzalcoatl's return. This explains his association with the first day of the thirteen-day Aztec calendar which is represented by a jaguar. Over the course of years, many of their leaders gained important commercial routes and forged crucial economic ties with the Dominican order of the Spanish Imperial provinces in Mesoamerica. Furthermore, both Quetzalcoatl and his brother Tezcatlipoca were honored as Ipalnemohuani, meaning ‘by whom we live’, with the title giving credence to their statuses as creator gods. In one version of the Aztec creation myth, the world was created and destroyed for four times (each age associated with the sun), with some of the tumultuous episodes being borne by the fighting between Quetzalcoatl and his brother Tezcatlipoca (‘Smoking Mirror’). Posted By: Dattatreya Mandal What happened there was a slow crumbling of the dam across the strait, causing a slow flooding of the Black Sea, which was a fresh water lake until that time. When they were ready, he turned on the rain and flooded the entire world. After having looked over several and my own notes of years’ past, I can assure you that we are not the first. Aztec-history.com. They came, one at a time, one building on another and, before each world was built, the one before it was destroyed only to have the new one be created which was better for man. His heart became the morning star (see Tlahuizcalpantecuhtli). However, given the violent loss of her physical form, the monster (now embodying the earth) thirsts for blood and hearts – thus alluding to the grisly practice of human sacrifice. After the fall of Teotihuacan by circa early 7th century AD, the obeisance of the ‘Feathered Serpent’ didn’t stop but rather spread to other Mesoamerican urban centers, including Xochicalco, Cholula, and even Chichen Itza of the Maya people – as could be discerned from the iconography of the period. And, actually, for others it is, too. In essence, Quetzalcoatl was regarded as the ‘unifier’ deity who was to be venerated across tribal lines, on the basis of common social and political grounds. 1 Profile 1.1 Background 1.2 Personality 1.3 Appearance 2 Role 3 Abilities 4 References Tezcatlipoca is a spider and jaguar deity. Renton, WA: Wizards of the Coast, 2005. Most documents expounding this theory are of entirely Spanish origin, su… Counted among the most important of Aztec gods (and Mesoamerican divine entities), Quetzalcoatl, regarded as the son of the primordial god Ometecuhtli (in some stories, Quetzalcoatl is regarded as the son of the virgin goddess Chimalman), was venerated as the creator of mankind and earth. Black Tezcatlipoca. Tezcatlipoca (pron. April 20, 2019. This god, as were most of them, was a dual god, meaning that it was both male and female at the same time. Interestingly enough, from the historical perspective, even decades before the arrival of the Spanish, the Aztec Empire fought against a tenacious enemy in the form of a confederacy of Eastern Nahuas, Mixtecs, Zapotecs and other associated tribes under them. Quetzalcoatl's departure from his people was the work of his old enemy, Tezcatlipoca, who wanted people to make bloodier sacrifices than the flowers, jade, and butterflies they offered to Quetzalcoatl. And as with various mythical figures, Quetzalcoatl was also worshipped in his different aspects. At the beginning, there was nothing. And without waiting for an answer, he turned them into the first dogs in the world so they could become man’s best friend and ever faithful companion (until it comes to their stomachs). And as we described before, the Toltec rulers continued the tradition of venerating Quetzalcoatl through their own mythico-historical association of rulers with the deity. 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